Start main page content

Department of Physiology

Welcome Message from The Head of Department- Physiology


Welcome to the web portal of the Department of Physiology, College of Medical Sciences at the University of Calabar, Calabar – Nigeria. We study the mechanisms and functionalities of the various organs and systems that make up the human body. Physiology forms the foundation upon which the study of medicine and all other medical Sciences stand. Physiology has been described as life because it involves studies of the interactions between the different organs and systems in a living body with their internal and external environments.


The Department of Physiology runs programs that lead to the award of undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in Physiology by the University. The Ph.D. degree is awarded to successful students in their different areas of specialization that include cardiovascular physiology, gastrointestinal physiology, renal physiology, neurophysiology, respiratory physiology, and even sports physiology. Our esteemed Alumni are occupying fulfilled job positions in universities and health institutions, research institutes, hospitals (especially in the electrocardiogram units, haematology laboratories, and so on), health-biased non-governmental organizations, and sports establishments. The department also services students from other departments in the College of Medical Sciences.


We usually adopt a dominantly multidisciplinary approach involving lectures, seminars, individual and group assignments, and term papers as recommended by National Universities Commission for university education in teaching and inspiring students to learn, acquire knowledge and skills, and develop lifelong practical and theoretical experience. Our graduates are well-trained, happy, outstanding, and dominate all aspects of the field. We have a team of highly trained and motivated teaching and non-teaching staff led by ten staff at the professorial cadre, and a cream of administrative, clinical and technical staff, who partake in the training of students. In addition, experts from other related disciplines are also engaged to enrich our curriculum and practices. We have pools of state-of-the-art equipment in both our general and specialized high-end laboratories.


We implore you to consider enrolling in any of our programs or even recommending the programs to your valued friends who are seeking for admission to study and consequently, future physiologists. Should you have any feedback, questions, and suggestions, kindly forward them to us through any of our contact channels.


Thank you for visiting our site as we hope to meet you soon.


Best wishes.

Dr Charles C. Mfem

Head of Department

Mission / Vision / Philosophy / Objective



To Produce high quality graduates and scholars in focal areas of learning with theoretical,practical and entepreneurial skills for the world of work in conducive environment through quality research and teaching.


To be a centre of excellence producing globally competitive graduates and contributing significantly to development through research.


Physiology is the study of normal functions in organisms.  The bedrock of medical practice is human physiology, hence, a sound knowledge of normal function is a sine qua non for the detection of derangements that causes morbidity and mortality.  There is at present a dearth of qualified Basic Medical Science teachers and researchers in most medical schools in Nigeria.  The department offers courses of study leading to the awards of B.Sc., PGD, M.Sc. and Ph.D. Degrees respectively.  The philosophy behind the B.Sc. Physiology Programme therefore, emphasizes the need for greater depth of knowledge in order to produce graduates who will take up careers in physiology and contribute meaningfully towards relieving the shortage of competent teachers and research workers in physiology. 



The objectives of the B.Sc. Programme are:

1.      To teach and apply physiology concepts required in the future clinical practice of doctors in both rural and urban areas of Nigeria and any other part of the world.

2.      To teach and give the students scientific foundation for continued study and research in physiology so as to help in producing specialists in physiology.

3.      To develop in the study the ability to interpret data using statistical inference and the formulation of logical conditions from such data either for diagnostic clinical purpose or unearthing such new concepts that can improve total health care delivery or expand the horizon of physiology as a discipline. 


The Physiology Department commenced its academic activities in July 1978 with the head of the department as Professor K. M. Etta (1978-1985). Other subsequent heads of department include the following: Professor E. E. Osim (1985-1995, 2000-2003), Late Dr. A. B. Akpogomeh (1995-1997), Prof (Mrs.) A. B. Antai (1997-199, 2006-2008), Prof. J. O. Ibu (2003-2006), Dr. C. O. Nku (2008- 2010), Dr. (Mrs.) A. O. Obembe (2010 – 2012) and Prof. D. U. Owu (2012 – 2014), Prof. E. J. Ani (2014 – 2016), Dr. O. E. Ofem (2016 – 2018), and Dr. S. A. Bisong (2018 – 2020). The department started with its first batch of medical students in the 1978/79 session. In the 1979/80 session, B.Sc. Physiology program was added to its curriculum. In 1987 the department introduced a new B.Sc. Physiology program (B.Sc. intercalated in the MBBCh program) in the college. This program allows outstanding medical students after their part 1 MBBCh examinations to spend extra three semesters for a B.Sc. degree in Physiology, Biochemistry, or Anatomy before continuing with their MBBCh program. The department started an M.Sc. program in Physiology in 1992 with only 3 students who all graduated with M.Sc. in 1995.  In 1995 a postgraduate diploma program in Physiology was also approved. A Ph.D. program was added in the 2001/2002 session.

Currently, total enrolment into the entire post-graduate program now stands at eighteen students.  While twenty-one M.Sc. students have been graduated.  The first Ph.D. was defended in December 2006.  To date, the department has produced 8 Ph.D. graduates who are members of staff of this department.  Our graduates at both undergraduate and post-graduate levels are contributing meaningfully to the development of the subject in institutions of higher learning all over the country.

In a discipline that suffers a dearth of senior academics all over the country, the department for the first time boasts of four professors of Physiology, two of which have been Deans of Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences namely Prof. E. E. Osim (2006 – 2008) and Prof. A. B. Antai (2010 – 2012),  two Readers, 6 senior Lecturers (one visiting), 2 grade one lecturers, 3 grade two lecturers and 3 assistant lecturers, graduate assistance and a demonstrator.  There are 21 academic staff, an improvement from the past where the staff were mainly in the junior cadre.

The equipment situation has also improved.  Currently, we have obtained some new equipment through the effort of our past Dean, Professor E. E. Osim, and the Vice-Chancellor, Professor James Epoke.
The physical structure of the department, especially the laboratories has been rehabilitated.  New academic staff have been employed to boost the academic activity of the department.  The department has finally been granted full accreditation by the National Universities Commission (NUC) in 2017 and is active in a social media network to boost information dissemination.

Contact Us

By Physical Address

Department of Physiology
University of Calabar
Cross River State

By Email

You Email Your Name Your Message